Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD)

Quick Facts

Statistics
  • 2-3% of the US population suffers from BDD
  • 60% of people with BDD are women & 40% are men
  • About 80% of people with BDD have experienced suicidal thoughts
Symptoms
  • Extreme fixation on an imagined or slight flaw
    • Concerns with defects, coloring, shape, size, asymmetry, disproportion, etc.
  • Preoccupation & obsession with appearance​
  • Repetitive compulsive behaviors
    • Mirror-checking
    • Covering-up of areas (makeup, scarves, etc.)​
    • Checking & reassurance seeking
  • Feelings of disgust, depression, anxiety, low self-esteem, etc.
Treatments
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT): group or one-on-one therapy that targets & changes problematic thoughts/behaviors 
  • Medications
    • Antidepressants: reduce OCD symptoms & behaviors
      • Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs): act on serotonin (a brain chemical)
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